Philip Gordon, senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, explains the concept of alliances for CFR Model Diplomacy’s “North Korean Nuclear Threat” and other CFR Model Diplomacy case studies. Model Diplomacy ( is a free multimedia simulation program that engages students through role-play to understand the challenges of shaping U.S. foreign policy in an interconnected world.

Although traditionally reluctant to form alliances, he says, the United States has made solid commitments to its alliance relationships since World War II. Gordon reviews criticism of U.S. alliances but argues that they have preserved peace and contributed to U.S. security and prosperity.

Instructors interested in exploring “North Korean Nuclear Threat” and other cases for their classrooms can visit the Model Diplomacy case library.

For more educational resources from the Council on Foreign Relations, visit CFR Campus at


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