So the most important thing I want to say off the bat is that our humanitarian assistance is needs-based. That means that we need to be nimble in terms of how and where we provide it. Humanitarian crises can erupt quickly, and we need to be ready to provide support quickly. Through our partners, both through the international organizations through which we work such as the U.N. Refugee Agency, the International Organization for Migration, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and others, we are able to often work very quickly to assist people on the ground including through NGO (Non-Governmental Organizations) partners — both partners that we work with through the State Department — and also the NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) that are working with these larger international organizations to deliver aid immediately to people who need it. So we work together, both at the State Department, the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration and the International Agency for Development to provide assistance that helps people at the immediate onset of these crises. Food, water, shelter, blankets, everything that you can think of that helps meet somebody’s basic needs. We also think further into the future. We think about education, we think about how to help women and girls in crisis, we think about livelihoods. So in other words, things that are able to provide a family income and help them be self-sufficient so that ultimately they don’t need the international community to continue to support them. That’s the ultimate objective, to have people have dignity and a sustained livelihood, and ultimately, hopefully, be able to return back to the places from which they fled, if and when the situation becomes stable and safe enough for them to do so.



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