Council on Foreign Relations President Richard Haass discusses the contents of a diplomat’s foreign policy toolbox for CFR’s Model Diplomacy, a free multimedia program that engages students through role-play to understand the challenges of shaping U.S. foreign policy in an interconnected world.

Diplomats advance a country’s interests by influencing other actors to move those interests forward. The tools of a diplomat include negotiations, sanctions, and more, and can be used for a range of purposes. There is rarely unanimous agreement on which tools to use, which inevitably leads to bargaining about foreign policy goals and strategy. Tools aren’t solutions but instruments to shape outcomes, Haass says, noting that they are not on-off switches, and that it is impossible to predict how their use will play out over time.

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Speaker: Richard N. Haass, President, Council on Foreign Relations


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